DURANDUS,G.(gest. 1296), Speculum iuris, Basel 1574.

DURANDUS,G.(gest. 1296), Speculum iuris, Basel 1574.

DURANDUS, Gulielmus (gest. 1296), Speculum iuris. Ioan. Andreae, Baldi reliquorumque..theorematibus illustratum Pars prima & secunda (tertia & quarta). Basel, Apud Ambrosium et Aurelium Frobenios fratres, 1574. Quart. (Reprint Vico Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2014) (I:) Ttlbl. mit Druckersignet, CXX, 923 S.; (II:) Ttlbl.mit Druckersignet, 521 S. Vier Teile in zwei Halbleinenbänden. Order-no.: IC-72 ISBN 978-3-940176-77-6 lieferbar – available Der Rechtsspiegel von Durandus, fertiggestellt im Jahre seines Todes, zählt zu den wichtigsten juristischen Werken des Mittelalters überhaupt und erfasst den gesamten gelehrten Prozess


Order Number: 29340AB

Guillaume Durand (Durantis), well known as Speculator, governor of Romagna and Ancona and later bishop of Mende, French canonist, was born at Puimisson, near Beziers, of a noble family of Languedoc. He studied law at Bologna, especially with Bernardus of Parma, and about 1264 was teaching canon law with success at Modena. Clement IV., his fellow-countryman, called him to the pontifical court as a chaplain and auditor of the palace, and in 1274 he accompanied Clement`s successor Gregory X. to the council of Lyons, the constitutions of which he drew up, along with some other prelates. As spiritual and temporal legate of the patrimony of St. Peter. he received in 1278, in the name of pope, the homage of Bologna and of the other cities of Romagna. Martin IV. made him vicar spiritual in 1281, then governor of Romagna and of the march of Ancona (1283). In the midst of the struggles between Guelfs and Ghibellines, Durandus successfully defended the papal territories, both by diplomacy and by arms. Honorius IV. retained him in his officies, and although elected bishop of Mende in 1286, he remained in Italy until 1291. In 1295 he refused the archbishopric of Ravenna, offered him by Boniface VIII.. In 1296 he withdraw to Rome, where he died on the 1st of November. Durandus`principal work is the Speculum Iuris or Iudiciale, which was drawn up in 1271, and revised in 1286 and 1291. It is the general explanation of civil, criminal and canonical procedure, and also includes a survey of the subject of contracts. It is a remarkable synthesis of Roman and canon law, distinguished by its clarity, its method, and especially its practical sense, in a field in which it was pioneer, and ist repute was as great and lasting in the courts as in the schools. it won for Durandus the name of “Speculator”. Coing, Handbuch a.a.O. I,394; insgesamt 14 Inkunabel-Ausgaben; Venedig 1501; Basel 1563; Frankfurter Ausgaben: 1612, 1668. Letzte Edition: Lyon 1678. Literaturauswahl: Coing, Handbuch a.a.O. I, 394f.; Bethmann-Hollweg 203-225; Schulte a.a.O. II, 148-152; L. Falletti, DDC V, 1104-1075.

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