ALBERICUS de Rosate (1290-1360), Commentaria in Codicem. Venedig 1586.
ALBERICUS de Rosate (ca.1290-1360), In Primam (…et secundam) Codicis Partem Commentarij. Nunc denuo hac postrema editione. Venice (Venetiis), Sub signa Auqilae renovantis, 1586. Quart. (Reprint Vico Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2014) (I:) Ttlbl.mit Druckersignet, 282num.Bll.; (II:) Ttlbl.mit Druckersignet, 211num.Bll. (zusammen 990 S.) Two parts in one half-linen. Order-no.: IC-80 ISBN 978-3-86303-365-1 lieferbar The only great commentary of Codex Iustinianus that was produced (completed after 1330) as an organic whole rather than compiled from published lectures.
After reading law in Padua, Albericus de Rosciate became a lawyer in his home town of Bergamo. After retiring from practice, he started working on his commentary to the Codex Iustinianus, which he completed after 1330. This commentary stands out through its practical slant, something to which he attached particular importance in his life and work: practici adorant eum. Its epithets „magnus practicus“ or „summus practicus“ underscore this. Even Savigny himself praised the practical aspect of Albericus’ work because it gave valuable impulses to the development of legal science, which had gone into decline after Accursius in the 13th century. In addition, it is the only commentarius in the commentator era that was produced as an organic whole rather than compiled from published lectures. Savigny calls Albericus’ work an „entirely independent commentary“. In his commentary, Albercius cites the works he has consulted: Azo, Placentinus, Oldradus da Ponte, Cinus de Pistoia and others. Strangely, Bartolus de Saxoferrato is not explicitly named even though he is quoted, presumably because he was a contemporary of Albericus. Albericus de Rosate was born into a prominent family of judges and notaries in present-day Rosciate near Bergamo, and studied in Padua, where he also gained his doctorate under Oldradus da Ponte (dec. 1335). In Bergamo, he worked in legal practice from 1320, contributed to the drafting of the city statutes and also served the Dukes of Milan. He served several times as a jurist at the court of Pope Benedict XII.; for example 1337-1338 and 1340-1341 on the behalf of Dukes Luchino and Giovanni Visconti of Milan. The last we hear about him is in 1350, when he and his sons visit Rome for the anniversary year. He died in Bergamo on 14 September 1360. Albericus penned the first major lexicon in the Ius Commune. Originally he wrote a legal lexicon for civil law and one for canon law, which was later combined by a hand unknown and since then known as the dictionarium iuris Alberici. Alphabetically ordered by head words, the legal lexicon „rappresenta il primo grande tentativo lessicografico in campo giuridico“ (DBI). The dictionarium iuris reflects the jurisprudence of the mid 13th century in all its facets. Coing I,272 mit weiteren Nachweisen.